An overview of the united states expansionism from 1790s to 1860s

Southern politicians and slave owners demanded that slavery be allowed in the West because they feared that a closed door would spell doom for their economy and way of life. Whig Northerners, however, believed that slavery should be banned from the new territories.

An overview of the united states expansionism from 1790s to 1860s

Americans looked to the western lands as an opportunity for large amounts of free land, for growth of industry, and manifest destiny. Manifest destiny and westward expansion brought many problematic issues to the Unites States verses the Indians that took the Americans to the Civil War.

The first issue that arose for the Americans, was where to put the existing Indians while they conquered their land. The United States felt that the Indians needed to be secluded from all other races so that they would become civilized. As the population of Americans increased in the western sector of the United States, they also invaded that land specially allotted for the Indians.

Instead of moving the Americans out of the Indian Territory, the government minimized the size of Indian Territory by half. Now the Northern half was open for white settlement.

An overview of the united states expansionism from 1790s to 1860s

As for the western Indians, such as the Sioux, Cheyenne, and Arapahos, American settlers went around them to settle the California and Oregon. The Americans decided to stay away from further conflict with the native Americans because they knew they were unable to move them away from their land.

The first step the United States took in claiming this new land for them was by establishing a land system. The Land Ordinance of established an orderly way to divide up and sell the new lands of the Western United States. Shortly after, the Northwest Ordinance of set up a system of government for the land north of the Ohio River.

Slavery was outlawed in the five states that made up the Northwest Territory, and no self-government was to be set up until at least five thousand free white men were in the territory.

The next step the Americans took had to do with forcing the Indians off their land. They managed to trick the Indians by making treaties with them. The Indians were practically forced to agree with the treaties.

Many Americans became restless and decided to go in and settle these lands illegally, not honoring their treaty with the Indians. These treaties were the only way the United States was going to be allowed to legally take over the Indian lands with the agreement of the Indians. This new recognition and use of treaties fell under the Indian Intercourse Act of This was a form of written documentation that allowed the ceding of land to be possible through the treaties.

Americans, however, did not honor their agreement with the Indians, and in the future, some tribes used this against the government in trying to regain the land that was taken from them illegally.

These treaties also led to Indian resistance and increasing difficulties with the native peoples. As Thomas Jefferson took over the Presidency inhe was determined to civilize the Indians. He planned to take over the land in a peaceful manner. In return, the Americans shared with the Indians their civilized way of living.

He did this in hopes that the two cultures would be able to co-exist. However, his planned failed and continuous problems arose between the Americans and the Indians.

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Because these people had established an alliance with the Northwest Confederation tribes, Tecumseh, the leader, proclaimed this treaty invalid because one tribe could speak for the rest.

This belief led to great resistance, by the Indians, to further expansion and disagreement with the U. InTecumseh gathered Indian warriors to attack American soldiers, led by William henry Harrison. This attack was a failure for the Indian cause and both sides suffered casualties. However, the Indians managed to scare the United States.

They resented this British interference and wanted to continue expanding and exerting their superiority over the Indians, and supported war as an answer to the conflicts.

In June ofthe U. Senate voted to go to war against the British. The British had a stronger army and navy as oppose to the Americans. Following the War ofmany Indian groups signed treaties with the US. Government that removed them from their land onto the Indian Territory because they were unwilling to civilize themselves.

The steady expansion and rapid population growth of the United States after contrasted sharply with static European societies, as visitors described the rough, sometimes violent, but on the whole hugely optimistic and forward-looking attitude of most Americans. Timeline of United States history (–) Timeline of United States. Territorial Expansion, Filibustering, and U.S. Interest in Central America and Cuba, – During the years between the Mexican-American War and the Civil War, the United States became increasingly involved in Central America and the Caribbean. While U.S. Government officials attempted to acquire territorial possessions in that region, private citizens (known as “filibusterers”) also. Overview; Overview Census Day was June 1, James Buchanan was President of the United States on Census Day, June 1, Authorizing Legislation. The Census Act was the authorizing legislation for the census. History and Growth of the United States Census: [PDF MB], by Carroll D. Wright and.

Of these groups, the Cherokees took the greatest strides in co-existence with the white people. Their land could even be seen at this time as one of the few frontiers of inclusion, where racial mixing and marriage frequently occurred between the Cherokees, whites, and African Americans.

Most settlements were set up as frontiers of exclusion where no racial sexual mixing was allowed. Despite this obvious peaceful co-existence, the states of Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi stood up to the federal government and voted to invalidate the treaties with the Indians.- In the six years since the United States won the War of Independence, America was becoming, in Thomas Paine's words, "the asylum for the persecuted lovers of civil and religious liberty from every part of Europe.".

Timeline - The s. An election would lead to secession and that would lead to Civil War. For four long hard years, over , citizens of the United States of America would perish in an attempt to solve the state's rights issues surrounding slavery.

Essay about United States Expansionism: s- s - The major American aspiration during the s through the s was westward expansion. Americans looked to the western lands as an opportunity for large amounts of free land, for growth of industry, and manifest destiny.

United States in the Years The United States between the years was in turmoil, but from a historical point of view, this decade is one of the most exciting times in U.S. history. When the United States admitted Texas to the Union in , the Mexican government was outraged, and from to , the two nation's squared off in the Mexican War.

With a resounding victory, the United States gained control of Texas, New Mexico, and California. United States Expansionism: s- s This Essay United States Expansionism: s- s and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on Autor: review • January 5, • Essay • 1, Words (5 Pages) • Views.

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